After India and China disengagement in Ladakh region, nre they announced that both have agreed to establish a Hotline.

India-China establish hotline for foreign ministers

  • Hotline
    • The decision to install a Hotline was taken over a telephonic meeting between External Affairs Minister of India and Foreign Affairs Minister China.
      • The Hotline is a direct telephone line in constant operational readiness so as to facilitate immediate communication.
    • Hotline will be helpful in timely communication and exchange of views between the two countries.
  • India’s Stand
    • Reiterated the ‘3 mutuals’ (mutual respect, mutual sensitivity and mutual interests) as the approach to the relationship.
    • The Disengagement, followed by de-escalation, will lead to peace along the LAC, and eventually normalisation of ties.
  • China’s Stand
    • The boundary situation should not be placed at the front and centre of the relationship, but instead at a “proper place” in overall ties.
    • The indication was the both sides should return to business as usual while the issue is dealt with.
  • Recent Developments
    • May 2020: Chinese & Indian Armed forces clashed at Nathu La, Sikkim/
      • After the Sikkim scuffles, tensions between the countries rose in Ladakh, with a multi-place mobilization of troops.
    • June 2020: Indian and Chinese troops were engaged in the standoff in Pangong Tso, Galwan Valley, Demchok and Daulat Beg Oldie in eastern Ladakh which became the heart of the recent Line of Actual Control tensions.
    • June 2020: Government of India banned 59 apps originating from China.
    • November 2020: GoI blocked 43 new mobile apps, mostly Chinese.
      • The ban has been enforced under Section 69A of the Information Technology Act of 2000.
    • February 2021: Both countries decided to finally reach an agreement on disengagement at Pangong Lake.


  • It is imperative for the two sides to cherish the hard-won relaxation, and work together to consolidate the progress, keep up the consultation momentum, further ease the situation, and improve the border management and control mechanisms.
  • As two big emerging economies, both countries need to pursue development alongside each other, move forward in partnership instead of hindrance, and work together for shared progress rather than erecting walls against each other.
  • Both countries also need to advance the boundary talks to build up mutual trust and realize peace and tranquility in the border areas.

India-China establish Hotline India-China establish Hotline