Highlights

Dr. Subrahmanyam Jaishankar Minister of External Affairs of India chaired the India, Brazil, South Africa Foreign Ministers meeting. The ministers during the IBSA virtual meeting agreed on issues such as peace, security, climate change, countering terrorism, multilateral trading system, non-proliferation issues, disarmament and South-South Cooperation. They also agreed to renew their commitment towards UN Security Council (UNSC).

The Tri leaders also agreed to cooperate with international organizations such as African Union Peace and Security Council (AUPSC), UN, etc.

Also, Ministers agreed to extend their support in accordance to Ezulwini Consensus and Sirte Declaration (adopted by the Organisation of African Unity).

Ezulwini Consensus

Ezulwini Consensus is a position on international relations agreed by African Union. The consensus calls for representative and democratic security council where Africa shall be represented just like other regions globally.

Ezulwini or The Valley of Heaven is a valley in Switzerland. The agreement was signed here and hence the name.

Demands

The following demands were placed by African Union through Ezulwini Consensus

  • The African Union demanded at least 2 permanent seats and 5 non-permanent seats in United Nations Security Council
  • Also, the African Union would choose which African Govts shall get seats
  • It calls for United Nations Economic and Social Council to be strengthened.

Sirte Declaration

The Sirte Declaration followed the Ezulwini Consensus. It was also adopted by African Union on 9 September 1999. The Sirte Declaration was adopted at the 4th session of Organization of African Unity. The Sirte Declaration announced the following

  • To establish African Union
  • To speed up implementation of Abuja Treaty
  • To create African Court of Justice, African Central Bank, African Economic Community and Pan-African Parliament

African Union

It is a union with 55 member states. In 2001, African Union was founded in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa. The main intention of African Union was to replace Organization of African Unity.

It aims to achieve greater unity among the African nations. Also, it aims to promote and defend social economic integration in the continent. IBSA Foreign Ministers Meet chaired by External Affairs Minister IBSA Foreign Ministers Meet chaired by External Affairs Minister