The high level commanders from both sides announced that India and Pakistan have agreed to stop cross-border firing along the Line of Control in Jammu & Kashmir region. The bilateral Cross-Border Firing agreement will come into effect from February 2021.

  • The joint statement was releasing by the Director Generals (DG) of Military Operations of both the countries.
  • Both India and Pakistan have decided that border flag meetings will be utilised in order to resolve any misunderstanding between the countries.

Backdrop

Both sides have been in contact on a hotline level since 1987. Director Generals of Military Operations of both countries also stay in touch through this established mechanism. The cross-border firing had increased in the region since 2014 along the Line of Control. So, both the Director Generals of Military Operations agreed that existing 2003 understanding over the firing will be implemented in letter and spirit now.

The Border Conflicts

  • The border conflicts between India and Pakistan comprises of a series of armed clashes including the cross-border airstrikes and exchanges of gunfire between the countries. Both India and Pakistan often engage in the cross-border firing along the de facto border across the disputed Kashmir region.
  • The most recent deadly conflict was the Pulwama Attack of 14th February 2019 that had killed 40 Indian CRPF personnel.
  • The Pakistan-based militant group, Jaish-e-Mohammed claimed the responsibility for this attack.
  • Following that, India blamed Pakistan for the attack and in response, India carried cross-border airstrike near Balakot, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan on 26th February 2019.

Conflicts in the 2020

In the last year or COVID-19 Pandemic year, India and Pakistan standoff between began with the major exchange of gunfire and shelling by November 2020 along Line of Control. This resulted into the death of 22 including 11 civilians. In November 2020, one Indian soldier was killed in Rajouri and in Poonch. While Pakistan released the data that, In December, 2020 two Pakistani soldiers were killed in Bagsar region of disputed region Kashmir.

India and Pakistan agreement on Cross-Border Firing in Kashmir India and Pakistan agreement on Cross-Border Firing in Kashmir