The Union Health Minister formally reported that as many as 116 districts in India have reported zero malaria cases in the year 2020.

Achievement

  • In the year 2020, India had reduced the disease burden of Malaria by 84.5 per cent. Also, India has reduced the deaths due to Malaria by 83.6 per cent.
  • According to the WHO, India was able to achieve this due to strengthened technical leadership, rejuvenated political commitment, prioritising right mix of vector control measures.

Backdrop

India was one of the 18 countries that endorsed Malaria Elimination Roadmap of Asia Pacific Leaders Malaria Alliance at the East Asia Summit that was held in Malaysia in the year 2015. Under the alliance, the leaders agreed to eliminate malaria completely in the region by 2030. Under this, India launched the National Framework for Malaria Elimination in India (2016-2030). The recent achievement is a part of this framework,

National Framework for Malaria Elimination

  • Eliminate malaria from all Category one and Category two states by 2022.
  • Reduce the incidence of malaria to less than one per thousand population by 2024.
  • Interrupt indigenous transmission of malaria in Category three states and UTs by 2027.
  • Prevent re-establishment of local malaria and maintain national malaria free status by 2030.

Classification of States and UTs

  • Category 0: The States and Union Territories with zero indigenous cases of Malaria
  • Category 1: States and Union Territories with less than one case per 1000 population.
  • Category 2: The States and Union Territories with less than one case per 1000 population. However, some of the districts are reporting greater than one case.
  • Category 3: States and UTs with one person per 1000 population at risk.