C-453 Indian Coast Guard Ship was commissioned into services in Chennai on 19th February 2021. This was the 17th interceptor boats out of the 18 which are being indigenously built by L&T.
Points To Note
- C-453 is a 27.80 m long interceptor boat.
- C-453 boat has a displacement of 105 tonnes.
- C-453 can attain a maximum speed of 45 knots (85 kmph).
- The Indian Coast Guard Ship is capable to undertake the multifarious tasks such as surveillance, close-coast patrol, interdiction, and search & rescue.
- The Ship will also provide assistance to the boats and craft in case of distress at sea.
- C-453 comprises of the advanced navigation and communication equipment.
- The Indian Coast Guard ship is commanded by Assistant Commandant Animesh Sharma.
- Interceptor boat will be based in Chennai under operational control of Commander of the Coast Guard Region.
Functions of the boat
The C-453 Indian Coast Guard Ship will be deployed to do surveillance of the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and other duties in accordance with the Coast Guard Charter. This will help in safeguarding the maritime interests of India.
What is Exclusive Economic Zone?
As per the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982, the Exclusive Economic Zone is an area in the sea for which a sovereign state owns a special right for the exploration and use the marine resources like energy production from water and wind. Exclusive Economic Zone includes the area from the baseline out to the 200 nautical miles from the coast of any state. EEZ can also include the continental shelf. However, it does not comprise of the territorial sea or continental shelf beyond the 200 nautical miles limit. This area is different than the territorial sea in the light that, EEZ provides “sovereign right” which means rights of the coastal state below the surface of the sea.
The Territorial sea is the area from the baseline in which a state has a full sovereignty over the waters. It is a belt of coastal waters that extends up to 12 nautical miles from the baseline of the coastal state. In this zone, foreign vessels are allowed for innocent passage.
ICGS C-453 Interceptor boat commissioned ICGS C-453 Interceptor boat commissioned