The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization and the Arbor Day Foundation have recently gave the title 2020 Tree City of the World  to the Hyderabad city (Capital of Telangana).

  • The city has earned recognition in the Foundation’s 2nd year of the programme along with 51 other cities around the world (during 2020 & cumulative 120 cities from 63 countries).
    • Most of the cities were from countries – United States of America, United Kingdom, Canada and Australia etc.
  • Hyderabad is the only City in India to get this recognition so far.

The Tree Cities of the World Programme

  • This Programme is an international effort to recognize cities and towns committed to ensuring that their urban forests and trees are properly maintained, sustainably managed, and duly celebrated.
    • During the World Forum on Urban Forests 2018 in Italy‘s Mantova, the world leaders issued the Mantova Green Cities Challenge and a call-for-action that included joining the programme.
      • The Tree Cities of the World Programme intends to connect cities across the world in a new network dedicated to sharing and adopting the most successful approaches to managing community trees and forests.
  • Organisations Involved
    • This programme partnership between Arbor Day Foundation and the Food and Agriculture Organization.
  • Five Standards for Evaluation
    • A city is evaluated on 5 standards – 
      1. To Establish Responsibility
      2. Set the Rules
      3. Celebrate the Achievements
      4. Know What You Have
      5. Allocate the Resources

Recognition of the Hyderabad

  • The city is the only Indian city to have been selected for this recognition in response to its commitment to growing and maintaining urban forestry through Haritha Haram programme (HHP) and Urban Forest Parks (UFP).
    • The Haritha Haram programme
      • It is a flagship programme by the state government of Telangana to increase the green cover in the State from the present 25.16% to 33% of the total geographical area.
      • Approach: The objective is sought to be achieved by a multi-pronged approach of rejuvenating degraded forests, ensuring more effective protection of forests against smuggling, encroachment, fire, grazing and intensive soil and moisture conservation measures following the watershed approach.
      • Urban Forest Parks: The Forest blocks in and around the cities are developed into Urban Forest Parks under this programme.
        • These Parks will not only provide the whole some healthy living environment but also contribute to the growth of smart, clean, green, sustainable and healthy cities in the state.

About Arbor Day Foundation

  • The nonprofit conservation and education organization founded in the year 1972 in Nebraska, USA, by John Rosenow.
  • This Foundation is the largest nonprofit membership organization dedicated to tree planting.
  • Its vision is to help others understand and use trees as a solution to many of the global issues we face today, including air quality, water quality, a changing climate, deforestation, poverty, and hunger.

Hyderabad in 2020 Tree City of the World