Highlights

Indian Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Institute of Himalayan bioresource Technology has planted the Heeng in the Himachal Pradesh’s Lahaul valley. Industrial Research institute plans to cover 750 hectares (1853 Acres) under the Heeng cultivation.

Points To Note

  • The Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology (IHBT) had partnered with Department of Agriculture of Himachal Pradesh in order to boost heeng production in the Lahaul valley.
  • The National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR) carried 6 categories of Heeng from Iran.
  • The IHBT also standardized the protocol to produce the heeng as per Indian conditions.

Heeng consumption in Indian Market

India consumes 40% of the world’s heeng. India imports nearly 1,200 tonnes of ferula heeng that costs to nearly $130 million single year.

Heeng Cultivation In the world

India is not cultivated Heeng. So far, it was imported from countries like Afghanistan, Iran and Uzbekistan. Historically, heeng has been cultivated in cold desert regions of Afghanistan and Iran.

Challenges for exporting Heeng

There have been instances of war and strife which has prevented Iran and Afghanistan to exporting heeng.

What is Heeng?

Heeng is also known as asafoetida and is the dried latex. Heeng is native to Iran and Afghanistan. The resin like gum which comes out from the dried sap of roots and stem is used as heeng spice. The spice is greyish white in colour when fresh while turns to dark amber when it is dried up.

Heeng use in Medicine

  • Heeng is believed to cure ranging from kidney stones to bronchitis in India.
  • In Afghanistan, heeng is used to cure whooping cough and ulcers.
  • In Egypt, heeng is considered a diuretic.

Heeng Cultivation in Indian Himalayas Heeng Cultivation in Indian Himalayas