GFD: Gujarat forest department has transferred twelve leopards to a private rescue and Rehabilitation centre in Jamnagar. These 12 leopards were captured from the wild after they encountered conflicts with humans. This is the first kind of project in the Gujarat. The Project is implemented under PPP between the Reliance Industries Ltd and state government of Gujarat.
PPP is Public Private Partnership
These Leopards have been transferred from the Junagadh’s Sakkarbaug Zoo (Sakkar Baug Zoological Park) to the Greens Zoological Rescue (GZR) and Rehabilitation kingdom located in Jamnagar.
Recent Leopard census in India
In 2014, the last latest Leopard census was conducted in India. The 2014 census estimated that the population of cat is from 12000 to 14000 in the country. It also estimated that around 8 thousand leopards are in the vicinity of Tiger Habitat.
Leopard Conservation status
Leopards are listed in schedule first of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 of India. They are included in the appendix 1 of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species). Also, leopards are listed as vulnerable under the IUCN red list (International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List) of threatened species.
Why PPP model has been launched?
The Indian Government brought out the guidelines for Human Leopard conflict management in April 2011. In spite of several such steps, the number of leopards captured due to conflict with humans has increased 3-fold since 2011. Also, the number of leopards translocated permanently has increased by 3-fold. Translocation is movement of indigenous animals from one place to another. They are being translocated mainly due to human injuries, anxiety caused by the Leopard sightings in human habitations, livestock depredation, human death.
TRAFFIC conducted study, reveals that around 747 leopards died between 2015 and 2019.
They are nocturnal animals. leopards population has declined by 75 to 90 per cent according to the study conducted by the Centre for Wildlife Studies and the Wildlife Institute of India (WII).
So far 9 sub species of Leopards have been identified. All the 9 species are distributed across Asia and African continent. Gujarat started a PPP model in Leopard rescue Gujarat started a PPP model in Leopard rescue