Union Agriculture Ministry formally announced that it is to bring 9 million tonnes of land under mustard cultivation. This will increase mustard production to 17 million tonnes by 2025-26.

Present Situation

The average mustard production in India, that is, the mustard production between 2015 and 2019 was 7.7 million tonnes. This was produced from 5.9 million hectares of land.

Issue

India imports around 70 per cent of edible oil needs. Of this, Palm oil is the highest. There is a need to make India self-sufficient in oil. In order to achieve this, the Government of India is planning to increase oil seed production. However, the problem is the low productivity, that is, mustards produced per hectare is low.

Presently, Rajasthan produces 40.82 per cent of total mustards in India. It is the highest mustard producing state in the country.

Plan

In order to achieve the target, the Central Government is planning to target 7.58 million hectares for FY 2021-22. Around 12.24 million tonnes are to be produced from these lands.

In the year 2020, the Central Government targeted 368 districts from 13 states for mustard cultivation. This was done under Mustard Mission. In the year 2020, the Government spent Rupees 160 crores on mustard mission. This is to be continued for the current fiscal year as well.

In order to increase the productivity, the Central Government has planned to use mustard seeds of high quality. This will increase the yield from 20 per cent to 100 per cent.

Achievement of Yellow Revolution

In the year 1986, the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi launched the Yellow Revolution. It was based on Oilseeds Technology Mission. It was a big success. By the year 1993, India became self-sufficient in edible oil production. Through Yellow revolution India produced 97 per cent of edible oil requirement within the country.

Sam Pitroda is called the “Father of Yellow Revolution”. It focused on nine oilseeds. They were mustard, groundnut, soybean, sesame, safflower, niger, sunflower, Castor and linseed.

Govt targets 17 million tonnes of Mustard Production Govt targets 17 million tonnes of Mustard Production