Textiles Ministry has demobilize All India Powerloom Board after All India Handicrafts and Handloom boards. Also, all of the 8th Textiles Research Associations in india will now cease to be “affiliated bodies” of the ministry.
Textile Research Associations will now act as approved bodies to conduct tests, researches and development activities of textiles sector. The decision has been made to stick to the principle of ‘Minimum Government Maximum Governance‘.
In November 1981, The Handloom board was constituted. Powerloom (mechanized loom) is a mechanised loom that was developed during early Industrial Revolution.
The Handloom Board was scrapped on the National Handloom Day August 7.
Textiles Research Associations
The 8 Textiles Research Associations in India are as follows
- Textiles Research Association (Ghaziabad)
- Textile Industry Research Association (Ahmedabad)
- Bombay Textiles Research Association (BTRA)
- Man made Textiles Research Association (Surat)
- Synthetic and Art Silk Mills Research Association (Mumbai)
- World research Association (Thane)
- Indian Jute Industries Research Association (Kolkata)
- South India Textiles Research Association (Coimbatore).
Textiles Sector in India
The domestic textiles contribute to 2.3 per cent of GDP of India. Also, it contributes to 13 per cent of export earning of the country and 7 per cent of manufacturing production. Textiles industry provides 2nd largest employment nationwide providing employment to more than 45 million (4.5 Crore) people.
The textiles sector is highly important to India as it generates huge employment to both skilled and unskilled labours after agriculture.
India is first in jute production and contributes to 63 per cent of world textile market. Most of the jute mills in India are located in the banks of Hooghly River (Bhāgirathi-Hooghly,). India faces tough competition from countries such as Bangladesh, Brazil, Philippines, Thailand and Egypt. The main markets of jute are Russia, United States of America, United Kingdom, Australia and Canada.
The textiles industry in India include silk, cotton, wool, jute and man-made fibres. Cotton contributes to 60 per cent of domestic Textiles industry. The domestic Cotton Textile industries are concentrated in the cotton growing belts of Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan.
Govt scraps Powerloom Board after Handloom Board Govt scraps Powerloom Board after Handloom Board