The Union Cabinet of India approved more than Rupees 1,100 crore for critical infrastructure development in Arunachal Pradesh.

  • The Cabinet Committee on Security also cleared a proposal for construction of 32 roads under phase II of the Indo-China Border Roads scheme.
  • Earlier, the GoI followed a restrictive policy and areas along the China border were not developed much.

Critical Infrastructure Development on Arunachal Pradesh Border

  • Most of the projects have been earmarked in areas along the China border in the north and northeast part of Arunachal Pradesh.
    • It includes motorable roads, mule tracks and facilities for porters. It envisages construction of roads and 18 foot-tracks measuring 598 kilometer.
      • This will enhance the capabilities of Indo-Tibetan Border Police, which maintains vigil along the border. These tracks can be used by the Army to supplement the main border roads for transportation of men and material.
  • About Indo-China Border Roads Scheme
    • In 2005, first phase was initiated, when it was decided that the Ministry of Home Affairs would construct 27 priority roads totalling 608 kilometer along China areas at an estimated cost of Rupees 912 crore and other 14 roads will be built by agencies such as the Border Roads Organisation.
      • Some of the important projects include the Darbuk-Shayok-Daulat Beg Oldie road and Rohtang tunnel in the Ladakh; and in the northeast, the Sela Tunnel and a road and rail tunnel under the Brahmaputra river with Indian Railways.
    • Under the phase II of the Indo-China Border Roads scheme, the roads, measuring 638.12 kilometer and amounting to Rupees 12,434.90 crore, are to come up in Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Importance of Roads near Arunachal Pradesh Border
    • Arunachal Pradesh shares its longest border with China or Tibet autonomous region, followed by Myanmar and Bhutan.
      • Further, China claims the entire Arunachal Pradesh as South Tibet.
    • Lack of proper communication and other basic facilities in the border areas not only affects the local population but also is a major cause of concern from the country’s security point of view.
    • Insurgency in the north-east, smuggling and illegal migration are factors that demand more restricted border security.
    • Encroachment: China has made rapid strides in border areas of Arunachal Pradesh by setting up new villages and a labyrinth of road network, including highways.
  • Other Related Steps by GoI
    • India will spend 10 per cent funds of the Border Area Development Programme only to improve the infrastructure along the China border.
    • The Border Roads Organisation has constructed the Daporijo bridge over Subansiri river in Arunachal Pradesh.
      • It links roads leading upto the Line of Actual Control between India and China.
    • The Defence Minister, Rajnath singh, has virtually laid the foundation of a tunnel at Nechiphu in West Kameng district of Arunachal.
    • Arunachal Pradesh government has advocated selection of 10 census towns along the India-China border as pilot projects for infrastructure development in order to stop people living along its international borders, specifically with China, from migrating to faraway urban centres in the State.
    • The Sisseri River Bridge is located at lower Dibang Valley in Arunachal, connecting Dibang Valley and Siang.
    • In the year 2019, Indian Air Force inaugurated resurfaced runway at India’s easternmost Village-Vijaynagar (Changlang district) in Arunachal.
    • Again In 2019, the Indian Army conducted exercise ‘HimVijay’ in Arunachal and Assam with its newly created Integrated Battle Groups.
    • Bogibeel bridge, which is India’s longest road-rail bridge connecting Dibrugarh in Assam to Pasighat in Arunachal was inaugurated in the year 2018.

Govt order to construct Roads on Arunachal Border Govt order to construct Roads on Arunachal Border