Highlights

Recently 15 State Governments announced Fortification of Rice Scheme for selected districts on 3 November 2020. The State Govts have identified the districts where the Fortification scheme is to be implemented and have notified the same to the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.

  • GoI’s Department of Food and Public Distribution, has been implementing the “Centrally Sponsored Pilot Scheme on Fortification of Rice and its distribution through Public Distribution System”.
  • Fortification of Rice Scheme is to be implemented for a period of 3 years between 2019-20 and 2022-23.
  • The total estimated budget of the Fortification scheme is 174.6 crores Rupees.
  • Fortification scheme was launched to take the country towards nutritional security.
  • The distribution of fortified rice is already being implemented by 5 states namely Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra Tamil Nadu and Chhattisgarh.

Need of the moment

Presently, the availability of fortified rice kernels in india is 15,000 MT per year. With this Central Govt has to cover 112 aspirational districts. In order to achieve this around 130 lac MT of fortified rice is required. The quantity of fortified rice kernels required to achieve this target is 1.3 lakh MT.

If the entire Public Distribution system (PDS) right supply is to be e replaced with fortified rice, then, around 3.5 lac MT of fortified rice kernels  is required.

 Machineries

Presently there are more than 28 thousand rice mills in the country. These rice Mills have to be equipped with blending machines to mix the fortified rice kernels with the normal rice. FCI (Food Corporation of India) will soon tie up with the rice mills across the country in order to achieve this.

 How is rice fortified?

According to the WHO, fortification of rice is done by adding micronutrient powder to the rice. This powder adheres to rice grains. Fortification of Rice Scheme to be implemented in more 15 states Fortification of Rice Scheme to be implemented in more 15 states