Government of India has notified the standards for safety evaluation for hydrogen fuel-cell based vehicles. Notification was issued by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (Nitin Gadkari) and notified that the Standards for safety evaluation of vehicles being propelled by the Hydrogen Fuel Cells. This has been done by bringing an amendment to the Central Motor Vehicle Rules 1989.

Standards for safety evaluation

  1. According to new rules, vehicles under Category M (those running the passengers) and N (those carrying goods) are running on compressed hydrogen gas fuel cell has to be in accordance with AIS 157:2020. This shall be followed till notifications are released under the BIS Standards Act, 2016.
  2. New rule says that the Hydrogen Fuel Cells shall be developed in accordance with ISO 14687.


The new vehicles rules are aimed at promoting environment-friendly and energy-efficient hydrogen fuel cell-based vehicles nationwide.


HFCEV Project

NTPC Ltd had announced a new project involving Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (HFCEV) to run in Ladakh’s Leh and Delhi in April 2020. Under the project, National Thermal Power Corporation Limited will provide 10 Hydrogen Fuel Cell based buses. This is first of its kind project in India.

Benefits of Hydrogen Fuel Cells

  1. Hydrogen Fuel Cells produces lesser Green house gases.
  2. HFC emits heat and water as by product.
  3. HFC are more energy efficient as compared to the traditional combustion engine.
  4. There is abundant of hydrogen resources.


  1. Handling of Hydrogen is quite challenging since it is more explosive than petrol.
  2. It is expensive than the traditional fossil fuels.

The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (Raj Kumar Singh) has also been supporting several projects on Hydrogen and Fuel Cells. While the challenge of storing the Hydrogen is being taken by Ministry of Science and Technology (Dr. Harsh Vardhan). New Evaluation Standards for Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles