On 15 Oct, 2020, Government of India has formally notified the Director General of Shipping as National Authority for Recycling of Ships (NARS) under section 3 of the Recycling of Ships Act, 2019.
Director General of Shipping
- DG Shipping works for the ship recycling industry of India.
- The office of the national authority for recycling will be set up in Gujarat’s Gandhinagar. Gujarat State is Asia’s largest ship breaking and ship recycling industry.
- Director General of Shipping will be India’s representative in International Maritime Organizatio.
- DG Shipping is also enforcing all the conventions of International Maritime Organization.
Functions of Director General of Shipping
Director General of Shipping has been authorised to administer, supervise and monitor all activities relating to ship recycling. DG Shipping will look after the sustainable development of the ship recycling industry. Other functions of the body includes:
- To monitor the compliance with environment-friendly norms.
- DG Shipping will also look after the safety and health measures for the stakeholders working in the ship recycling industry.
- DG Shipping will be acting as the final authority for approvals required by the ship-recycling yard owners and state governments.
Ship Recycling Act 2019
On 13 December 2019, Ship Recycling Act 2019 was came into force nationwide. Ship Recycling Act was bring in order to provide the regulation to the recycling of ships by setting certain international standards. Act 2019 also seeks to lay down the statutory mechanism for enforcement of such standards. On 28 November 2019, Central Government agreed to the Hong Kong International Convention for Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships 2009 .
Provisions of the Ship Recycling Act
- Ship Recycling Act, 2019 restricts and prohibits the use or installation of hazardous materials and it has to be apply to all the ships whether the ship would be recycled or not.
- However, these restriction on use of hazardous materials will not be applied to warships and non-commercial ships operated by Central Government.
- Ships will be surveyed and certified on the inventory of hazardous materials used in ships.
- Under the legislation, ship recycling facilities are required to be authorized and only authorized ship recycling facilities would be recycling the ships.
- Ship Recycling Act, 2019 states that ships must be recycled in accordance with a ship-specific recycling plan.
Ship Recycling in India
India has aimed to double its contribution to GDP from ship recycling to over $2 billion after the Ship Recycling Act, 2019 was enacted in December 2019. It has also aimed to take direct jobs from recycling sector to 90 thousand.
Currently, India is recycling 70,00,000 gross tonnage of ships per year. While India’s neighbours such as Bangladesh is contributing 68,00,000 gross tonnage, Islamic Republic of Pakistan’s contribution is 37,00,000 gross tonnage and People’s Republic of China contributes 34,00,000 gross tonnage of recycling.
DG Shipping notified as National Authority for Recycling Ships DG Shipping notified as National Authority for Recycling Ships