1 Obduracy (noun)
Meaning-
quality of being resistant to persuasion or softening influences. (ज़िद्दी होना)
Synonyms: stubbornness, intransigence, obstinacy, immovability, pig-headedness
Antonyms: flexibility, submission, pliability, amenability
Example: MPs have accused the government of obduracy and called on ministers to reverse their decision.

2 Germination (noun)
Meaning-
the process of something coming into existence and developing. (विकसन)
Synonyms: development, evolution, gestation, incubation
Antonyms: decline, retrogression, regression, deterioration
Example: The rules would stifle the germination of new ideas.

3 Grit (noun)
Meaning-
courage and determination despite difficulty. (धैर्य)
Synonyms: courage, fortitude, valour, pluck, mettle
Antonyms: cowardice, spinelessness, cravenness, Faintheartedness
Example: The soldiers showed that they had plenty of grit.

4 Ostensibly (adverb)
Meaning-
apparently or purportedly, but perhaps not actually. (प्रकट रूप से)
Synonyms: seemingly, outwardly, supposedly, presumably
Antonyms: truly, actually, genuinely, really
Example: She stayed behind at the office, ostensibly to work.

Download Current Affairs App Click Here

5 Abeyance (noun)
Meaning-
a state of not happening or being used at present. (दुविधा या लटकाव)
Synonyms: suspension, remission, dormancy, Quiescence
Antonyms: operation, action, continuation
Example: The law was held in abeyance for well over twenty years.

6 Lofty (adjective)
Meaning-
having a haughty overbearing manner. (अभिमानी)
Synonyms: haughty, supercilious, snobbish, condescending
Antonyms: humble, modest, unassertive, mim
Example: She showed a lofty disregard for Natalia’s objections.

7 Disparate (adjective)
Meaning-
different in every way. (भिन्न)
Synonyms: dissimilar, contrasting, heterogeneous, poles apart
Antonyms: similar, homogenous, corresponding, kindred
Example: Chalk and cheese are disparate substances.

8 Envisage (verb)
Meaning-
to imagine or expect something in the future. (कल्पना करना)
Synonyms: foresee, envision, contemplate, visualize
Antonyms: disregard, ignore, turn a blind eye to
Example: Nobody can envisage the consequences of total nuclear war.

9 Unambiguously (adverb)
Meaning-
in a way that makes completely clear what is meant. (स्पष्ट रूप से)
Synonyms: clearly, unmistakably, explicitly, unequivocally
Antonyms: vaguely, nebulously, indefinably, imprecisely
Example: She declined the proposal clearly and unambiguously.

10 Thorny (adjective)
Meaning-
causing distress, difficulty, or trouble. (कठिन, कष्टमय)
Synonyms: problematic, ticklish, taxing, knotty
Antonyms: easy, uncomplicated, undemanding, effortless
Example: This thorny problem on the environmental protection floored the new mayor.

Daily Vocabulary 7 July Daily Vocabulary 7 July