1 Ambitious (adjective)
Meaning- Needing a lot of effort, money or time to succeed. (महत्त्वाकांक्षी)
Synonyms: difficult, challenging, demanding, ‘ onerous, strenuous
Antonyms: easy, effortless, facile, unexacting
Example: Jogging every morning? That’s very ambitious, isn’t it?
2 Stagnant (adjective)
Meaning- Not developing, growing or changing. (ठहरा हुआ)
Synonyms: static, fixed, steady, stable, constant
Antonyms: moving, fluctuating, changing, variable
Example: The housing market has been largely stagnant over the past few months.
3 Escalation (noun)
Meaning- A rapid increase. (वृद्धि)
Synonyms: rise, intensification, growth, upsurge, upturn
Antonyms: decrease, reduction, plunge, plummeting
Example: Today the cost has risen to $360 per square foot – a 62 percent escalation.
4 Undertake (verb)
Meaning- To make yourself responsible for something and start doing it. (उत्तरदायित्व लेना)
Synonyms: take on, assume, shoulder, carry out
Antonyms: abandon, relinquish, abstain, forego
Example: The company has announced that it will undertake a full investigation into the accident.
5 Underlying (adjective)
Meaning- important in a situation but not always easily noticed or stated clearly. (मौलिक)
Synonyms: basic, fundamental, elemental, rudimentary, pivotal, key
Antonyms: secondary, advanced, minor, peripheral
Example: Unemployment may be an underlying cause of the rising crime rate.
6 Cornerstone (noun)
Meaning- The most important part of something that the rest depends on. (आधारशिला)
Synonyms: foundation, keystone, bedrock, mainstay
Example: Hard work is the cornerstone of success.
7 Nominal (adjective)
Meaning- (of a sum of money) very small and much less than the normal cost or charge. (नाममात्र)
Synonyms: negligible, token, trifling, infinitesimal, exiguous
Antonyms: substantial, considerable, significant, goodly
Example: We only pay a nominal rent.
8 Ring fence (verb)
Meaning- To protect something by putting restrictions on. (संरक्षण करना)
Synonyms: Protect, defend from, guard against, shield
Example: One banker said financial institutions will need state help or EU-wide help to ring fence them and strengthen their reserves.
9 Strive (verb)
Meaning- To try very hard to achieve something. (प्रयास करना)
Synonyms: struggle, endeavour, strain, attempt, pull out all the stops
Antonyms: relax, skip, bask, rest
Example: We encourage all members to strive for the highest standards.
10 Comprehensive (adjective)
Meaning- Including all, or almost all, the items, details, facts, information, etc., that may be concerned. (व्यापक)
Synonyms: inclusive, diverse, broad, all-embracing, wide-ranging
Antonyms: limited, narrow, restricted, confined
Example: We offer you a comprehensive training in all aspects of the business.
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