After UAE Hope, Now Chinese spacecraft Tianwen-1 has successfully entered the orbit around Mars on 10th February 2021.

Points To Note

  • Chinese probe entered the MARS Orbit after making the journey of 6 and a half month from the Earth.
  • Tianwen-1 mission is China’s first independent mission on the Mars.
  • After reaching near to the orbit, robotic probe initiated and completed its 15-minute burn of the thrusters.
  • Burning of the thrusters slowed down the speed of the spacecraft so that it could be captured by the gravity pull of the MARS.

Objective

  • This mission will attempt to send a landing capsule which is carrying a 240-kg rover in a rapid 7 minute descent. The rover will be sent to the northern hemisphere of Mars called as Utopia Planitia.
  • After the rover is landed successfully, the solar-powered rover will be exploring the Martian surface for 90 days (3 months).
  • The rover will study the soil and study if any signs of ancient life, is present there.
  • It would also trace the sub-surface water and ice using the ground-penetrating radar.

About Tianwen-1

It is an interplanetary mission by the China National Space Administration. Under Tianwen-1 mission, the China National Space Administration sent a robotic spacecraft to Mars. The spacecraft consists of an orbiter, a deployable camera, a lander and a rover. The spacecraft was successfully launched on 23rd July 2020 from the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site. It was launched from a Long March 5 heavy-lift launch vehicle. The spacecraft has been named Tianwen-1 means “Questions to Heaven” following the Chinese poem that was written two millennia ago. It is China’s first independent MARS mission after its probe that was co-launched with Russia failed in 2011.

Tianwen-1 probe successfully enters Mars Orbit Tianwen-1 probe successfully enters Mars Orbit