Under Xi Jinping Administration China China successfully activates nuclear-powered Artificial Sun. China’s largest and most advanced nuclear fusion experimental device HL-2M Tokamak reactor help to generate a energy. The reactor Located in southwestern Sichuan province, it is often called an “artificial sun” because of the enormous heat and power it produces. It was completed last year and it has the potential to unlock a powerful clean energy source. China has successfully powered up this reactor for the first time in his history, marking the advances made in the nuclear power research capability. Through this reactor china generate a clean energy every year.
About HL-2M Tokmak Reactor
The HL-2M Tokmak reactor uses powerful magnetic field to fuse hot plasma. The Tokmak nuclear reactor can reach temperatures of 150 million degree Celsius. The fusion reactions require sufficient temperature and pressure, a confined environment to create a plasma where the fusion can occur.
Plan of China
From a long time China has been developing the nuclear fusion energy to solve its strategic energy needs. Also, the aim of developing nuclear fusion energy is to sustain energy needs of China. The country is also collaborating with the ITER. ITER stands for International thermonuclear experimental reactor.
International thermonuclear experimental reactor is the world largest nuclear fusion research project. The headquarters is located in France and is expected to be completed in 2025. The members of ITER project are India, China, European Union, Japan, Korea, US and Russia. It is the first fusion device to test nuclear fusion reaction for commercial production of electricity. It uses the same principle as that used to power the stars and the sun. It is a carbon free source of energy.
About Nuclear fusion reactions
It emits no greenhouse gases like that of the fission reactions. The fusion carry lesser risks of accidents. However, achieving fusion reaction is extremely difficult and expensive.
In a nuclear fusion reaction two atomic nuclei are combined or fused to form one different atomic nucleus. During the process enormous heat is generated which is used to generate electricity. Radioactivity in operation in case of fusion reactions is much lesser than that of the fission reaction.
Difference Between Nuclear Fission Vs FusionFission and Nuclear Fusion
|Basis||Nuclear Fission||Nuclear Fusion|
|Definition||It would be defined as the division of a single atom into multiple atoms of small size.||It would be defined as the joining of two or more small atoms to form a large atom.|
|Necessity of Energy||Requires less energy to divide atoms into two or more ones.||A massive amount of energy is required to combine small atoms to form a large atom.|
|Release of Energy||The amount of energy released in fission is much lower than the energy released during fusion.||The release of energy during fusion is way higher than that of the fission reaction.|
|Production/Usage of energy||The energy produced in nuclear power plants uses this technology.||Experiments in power plants use this technology.|
|A Natural Reactions||Never occurs in nature in normal cases.||Takes place in stars and the Sun that are natural forces.|
|Ideal Conditions||There is a necessity to have a critical mass of the substance and neutrons with high speed.||High density and high-temperature atmosphere are the requirements.|
|A Reaction Outcome||The fission reaction produces highly radioactive substances.||Very few radioactive chemicals come out of this reaction.|
|Fuel Used||Uranium is one of the primary fuels in nuclear power plants.||Hydrogen isotopes are used as fuel in experimental plants.|
China successfully activates Artificial Sun