Two friendly nations in Asia, China and Russia have signed a planetary pact. The bilateral plan for a joint lunar space station was unveiled on 9th March 2021.
The planetary pact was signed between China and Russia because Russia seeks to regain the glory of space pioneering which was there in the Soviet times while China geared up its own extra-terrestrial ambitions. The Russian Federation was once the one among the top countries of space travel. Russia has a record of sending the first man into space. But, the cosmic ambitions of Russia dimmed the glory because of poor financing and corruption. The glory of Russia has been captured by China and the USA. Both of these countries have achieved major success in space exploration and research.
About Russia-China collaboration
Roscosmos (Russian space agency) stated that, it had signed a pact with the China National Space Administration (Chinese space agency) with the objective of developing a complex of experimental research facilities which have been created on either surface or in the orbit of Moon. Under the collaboration, Russia’s first modern lunar lander called “Luna 25” has been scheduled to launch on 1st October 2021.
Manned Space flights
The Russian Federation will be celebrating the 60th anniversary of its first-ever manned space flight. The country had sent Yuri Gagarin into space in April 1961. In the year 1963, it again sent the first woman, Valentina Tereshkova, into space. The USA also launched its first manned space flight following Russia in May 1961. Russia sent Alan Shepard into space on the Mercury-Redstone 3 flight.
China’s biggest international pact
In 2020 During Pandemic, China has launched Tianwen-1 probe to Mars which is currently orbiting it. Again, in December 2020 it successfully brought the rock and soil samples from Moon back to Planet Earth. In the line, this joint lunar space station pact is the largest international space cooperation project for the People’s Republic of China.
China-Russia Planetary Pact China-Russia Planetary Pact