USA developed Atomic Bomb under the “Manhattan Project” between 1942 to 1946
16 JULY 1945 – ‘TRINITY’:WORLD’S FIRST NUCLEAR TEST (conducted by USA) BASICS On 29 August 1949, the Soviet Union secretly conducted its first successful weapon test (First Lightning, based on the American “Fat Man” design) at the Semipalatinsk Test Site in Kazakhstan.
The United States assigned it the code-name j Joe-1, in reference to Joseph Stalin. EFFORTS FOR A PEACEFUL WORLD
The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) were two rounds of bilateral conferences and corresponding international treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union, the 10 Cold War superpowers, on the issue of arms control.The two rounds of talks and agreements were SALT I and SALT II. China Invited to Nuclear talks with Russia and US
THE “START” TREATIES
START I (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was a bilateral treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on the reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms.The treaty was signed on 31 July 1991 and entered into force on 5 December 1994 DETAILS OF START 1
The treaty barred its signatories from deploying more than 6,000 nuclear warheads atop a total of 1,600 inter-continental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) and bombers. START negotiated the largest and most complex arms control treaty in history, and its final implementation in late 2001 resulted in the removal of about 80 percent of all strategic nuclear weapons then in existence.
The START I treaty expired 5 December 2009. On 8 April 2010, the replacement New START treaty was signed in Prague by United States President Barack Obama and Russian President Dmitry Medvedev. Following ratification by the U.S. Senate and the Federal Assembly of Russia, it went into force on 26 January 2011.
EXTENSION OF NEW START 1 TREATY
The United States and Russia have agreed on a time and place for nuclear arms negotiations in June and invited China, U.S. Special Envoy for Arms Control
Marshall Billingslea wrote on Twitter
China, which is said to have the world’s third-largest nuclear arsenal, is thought to have about 300 nuclear weapons in its possession.
It is unclear whether Washington’s strategy to link China to arms control tai._., with Russia will work.