The People’s Republic of China will join the multilateral Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) 2013, this was decided during a 3 day meeting from June 18 to June 20 of the top lawmaking committee in People’s Republic of China Legislative Affairs Committee. People’s Republic of China was one of the 23 countries back in 2013 when it abstained from the vote to adopt the treaty at the United Nations.
People’s Republic of China now seems determined to showcase itself on the world stage as a responsible player- After hold back the autonomy of Hong Kong, making continuous attempts to administer complete sovereignty in the South China Sea, and further making its territorial ambitions clear by raising border conflicts with India.
The U.S.A President Donald Trump has announced in April last year that the U.S.A will never ratify the Arms Trade Treaty under his administration (the U.S.A has signed the treaty but was yet to ratify). 5 months back on 27th September 2019, Mainland China is going through domestic legal procedures for joining the Arms Trade Treaty- This was stated by their Foreign Minister Wang Yi at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
As per a report by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) in March this year, between 2015 to 2019: By accounting 5.5 percent of the global market and exporting arms to 53 countries the 5th largest arms exporter in the world was Mainland China.
History of Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)
The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) is a multilateral treaty that regulates the international trade in conventional weapons. It entered into force on 4th December 2014. 105 states have ratified the treaty, and a further 32 states have signed but not ratified it. Under this (ATT) treaty, international sales and transfer of conventional arms are regulated as per the global standards. The treaty was adopted at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) on 2 April 2013. It came into force from 24th December 2014. and Present Signatories: 130 , Parties: 105 but India has not signed the treaty yet.
The (ATT) treaty was launched with the aim of maintaining international and regional peace. The global standards that have been set under the treaty are in line for promoting transparency and co-operation among the countries.
China has decided to join the Arms Trade Treaty