China expands Military footprint in Indian Ocean

Debt Trap Diplomacy of China

In Debt-trap diplomacy China provide large infrastructural loans to strategically located developing countries.
This policy has been appraise debt trap diplomacy because once the indebted economies fail to service their loans, they are said to be pressured to support China’s geostrategic interests. China expands Military footprint in Indian Ocean

China expands Military footprint in Indian Ocean

Why in News

China has significantly increased its presence in the Indian Ocean region over the past three decades.
Recent Satellite pictures suggest China is upgrading Djibouti port as full-fledges naval base which can harbor its largest aircraft carrier.

Naval Base at Djibouti

The naval facility of China in Djibouti was set up in 2017 as a logistics support unit.
It is now being upgraded into a full-fledged naval base with a 1,120-feet pier that can berth Chinese warships, including the Liaoning aircraft carrier.

The outer perimeter is fortified like a modern-day castle with steep berms topped by towers and two rows of walls.

China expands Military footprint in Indian Ocean

Drive to Militarise Gwadar

Recent Satellite images show china have built several new complexes in the Gwadar in last few years.
The fortified multiplex has anti-vehicle spikes, security fences and a high wall.
The complexes are surrounded by unusually high-security apparatus.

China expands Military footprint in Indian Ocean

People’s Republic of China is planning to deploy a nuclear submarine at Gwadar Port in southwestern Pakistan. People’s Republic of China has begun work on infrastructure required to station nuclear submarines at the Gwadar port (Pakistan).
People’s Republic of China is organization to deploy a nuclear submarine at Gwadar Port in Pakistan. China has begun work on infrastructure required to station nuclear submarines at the Gwadar (Pakistan).

Artificial Island in Maldives

Satellite images from January 2018 and February 2020 show China has reclaimed nearly 60000 square kilometer of land by face-lifting Feydhoo Finolhu Island in Maldives.

Naval Base at Cox Bazar

Powertech Technology Inc, is a Taiwanese semiconductor assembly, packaging and testing company has been contracted to construct a permanent submarine base in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar.
China will have a visiting rights to this port . Which means China will have rights to dock its submarines near the eastern coast of India
It poses serious threat to eastern command of Indian navy.

China’s Defence

China tries to defend it’s militarization of Indian ocean by saying that its non-combat activities in the region are focused on protecting its investments, and undertakes counterterrorism against organizations that threaten China.

This is the reality…

In reality China has three following agendas in Indian Ocean

✓Collect intelligence in support of operational requirements against key adversaries like India and USA.
✓ Support efforts aimed at coercive diplomacy toward small countries.
✓ Enable effective operations in a conflict environment to inflict maximum damage on adversaries.

China expands Military footprint in Indian Ocean

India’s Reply: Necklace of Diamond

To reply China’s string of pearls strategy and containing Chinese influence in Indian Ocean region India has started counter encirclement of China through the Necklace of Diamond strategy.
India have started building naval capacities at ports of Dqum in Oman, Diago Garcia, Chahbar in Iran and Changi in Singapore to counter encirclement of string of pearls. China expands Military footprint in Indian Ocean