the People’s Republic of China announced that they connected its first indigenously developed third generation nuclear power reactor “Hualong one” to its national grid. The Hualong One nuclear power reactor is first of its kind. These nuclear power reactor are a part of China’s “Made in China 2025” plan
CNNC is China National Nuclear Corporation.
Hualong One or HPR1000
According to the CNNC, Unit 5 of Fuqing Nuclear Power Plant located in Fujian province was connected to the grid for the first time. Unit 5 is the first nuclear power reactor in the world to adopt Hualong One technology. It can generate 10 billion kw hour electricity per year. This will help China cut its carbon emission by 8.16 million tonnes.
Hualong-1 is one of the world’s most advanced china’s nuclear power reactor. The chinese technology of HPR1000 has more than 700 patents and 120 software updates. The lifespan of the HPR1000 one nuclear reactor is 6 decades. It is made up of 177 reactor cores. These cores will be replaced every 18 months.
The construction of HPR1000 began in 2015 with more than 10 thousand technicians working on it. Till now there are six units under construction in China and other parts of the world based on the Hualong-1 technology.
Nuclear Power consumption in China
As of 2019, nuclear energy accounted to only less than 5 per cent of annual electricity of China. This is expected to grow as China is trying to become carbon neutral by the year 2060. Currently China has 47 nuclear power plants. They together generate 48.75 million kw of power. With this, China has the third highest nuclear power country in the world after the United States of America and France.
Top 15 Nuclear Generating Countries
|COUNTRY||2018 NUCLEAR ELECTRICITY SUPPLIED (GW-HR)|
Other nuclear projects of China in Pakistan
Chinese government is also constructing 2 other demonstration Hualong-1 units in Guangxi Autonomous Region in southern China (bordering Vietnam). These units are to begin their operation in 2020. CNNC has also begun the construction of 2 other Hualong units at Zhangzhou Nuclear Power Plant (Net Capacity is 1126 MW and Gross Capacity is 1212 MW).
China has planned 5 Hualong-1 Nuclear reactors for Pakistan. 4 are planned at Karachi Nuclear Power plant (KANUPP) and one at Chashma Nuclear Power plant (CHASNUPP). Of these, two units are under construction since 2015. The construction began in 2015 and the units are to enter into commercial operation by the year 2021 and 2022. China develop third generation nuclear power reactor China develop third generation nuclear power reactor
Nuclear reactors under construction
|Units||Province||MWe gross||Reactor model||Project control||Construction start|
|Liaoning||2×1119||ACPR1000||CGN, with SPIC||3/2015, 7/2015|
|Shidaowan 1&2||Shandong||2×1500||CAP1400||SPIC & Huaneng||06/2019, 04/2020*|
|Fujian||1150||Hualong One||CNNC & Huadian||12/2015|
|Guangxi||2×1180||Hualong One||CGN||12/2015, 12/2016|
|Zhangzhou 1&2||Fujian||2×1212||Hualong One||Guodian & CNNC||10/2019, 09/2020|
|Huizhou Taipingling 1||Guangdong||1200||Hualong One||CGN||12/2019|
|Huizhou Taipingling 2||Guangdong||1202||Hualong One||CGN||10/2020|
|Total: 14||15,503 MWe|