The World Health Organisation on 30th June 2021, declared China as malaria-free after a 70-year effort of eradicating this mosquito-borne disease.
The People’s Republic of China reported 30 million cases of Malaria annually in the 1940s but no indigenous case was reported for four consecutive years.
Who can get Malaria-free status?
The People’s Republic of China that have achieved at least three consecutive years of zero indigenous cases of Malaria can apply for WHO certification of malaria-free status. To get this status, nations must present rigorous evidences and demonstrate capacity to prevent transmission re-emerging.
Status of China
The nation has become 40th territory to get malaria-free status by World Health Organisation. Four other countries that gained the status recently were El Salvador in 2021, Algeria & Argentina in the year 2019, and Paraguay & Uzbekistan in the year 2018. China has also become the first country in WHO’s Western Pacific region to be awarded malaria-free certification in about three decades. Others countries with this certified status are Australia (1981), Singapore (1982) and Brunei (1987).
WHO’s World Malaria Report 2020
According to World Health Organisation report, global progress against the disease was plateauing specially in African countries that are bearing the brunt of cases and deaths. As per the report, 736,000 lives were claimed in 2000. Disease had claimed an estimated 411,000 lives in the year 2018 while 409,000 in the year 2019. In 2019, global malaria cases were estimated at 229 million. It highlights, about 90 per cent of malaria deaths occur in Africa and majority of them are young children.
China’s battle against Malaria
China started working out where malaria was spreading and began to combat in the 1950s using preventative anti-malarial medicines. It reduced mosquito breeding grounds and sprayed insecticide in homes. In the year 1967, China had launched a scientific programme to look after new malaria treatments, which led to the discovery of artemisinin which are the most effective antimalarial drugs.