PM Modi, will inaugurate the Chauri Chaura Centenary celebrations on 4th February 2021. The celebrations will be inaugurated virtually by Prime Minister Modi and it will be held in Uttar Pradesh.

Points To Note

  • On the occasion of celebration, the PM Modi will also release a postal stamp that will be dedicated to the centenary year of the Chauri Chaura incident.
  • The Centenary celebrations will also be joined by the families of martyrs and freedom fighters.
  • The state-wide celebration will also be held and it will begin from 4th February, the celebration will continue for a year.

The Chauri Chaura incident

  • The Chauri Chaura incident took place, in British India, on 4th February 1922 at Chauri Chaura. The Chauri Chaura is a place in Gorakhpur district of the modern Uttar Pradesh.
  • In the incident a large group of protesters who were participated in the Non-cooperation movement clashed with police and the police opened fire on them.
  • In return, the protestors attacked and set fire to a police station.
  • This incident led to the killing of all of its occupants.
  • In the incident, 3 civilians and 22 policemen were died.
  • Those protesters were protesting in the light of “Non-Cooperation Movement” called by Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Following the incident, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi halted the non-co-operation movement on 12th February 1922.

The Non-cooperation movement

It was launched on 4th September 1920 by Mahatma Gandhi. This movement was started with the aim of self-governance and obtaining full independence or Purna Swaraj. This was started in the light of withdrawal of the support by Indian National Congress for British reforms following the Rowlatt Act (The Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act of 1919) and the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

Rowlatt Act, March 1919

The Rowlatt Act of March 1919 was passed to suspend the rights of political prisoners in sedition trials. This act motivated Mahatma Gandhi to follow the idea of satyagraha (truth).

Chauri Chaura Centenary celebrations to be inaugurated Chauri Chaura Centenary celebrations to be inaugurated