Highlights

The Govt of Bangladesh is to construct war memorial for Indian soldiers who died in 1971 war (Indo-Pakistani War of 1971). The memorial is to be constructed in Ashuganj Town, Upazila of Brahmanbaria share border with Tripura. This is mainly due to its significance in the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971.

Bangladesh has a war memorial on the outskirts of capital Dhaka for all martyrs. However, the proposed memorial is for the Indian soldiers alone. Bangladesh had earlier felicitated Indian soldiers posthumously and had also honoured the then former PM Indira Gandhi for their role in the Liberation war.

Bangladesh Liberation War 1971

The Bangladesh Liberation war (26 Mar 1971 – 16 Dec 1971) was an armed conflict that resulted in the independence of Bangladesh from Pakistan. The Bangladesh War began after West Pakistan launched Operation Searchlight against the people of East Pakistan in 1971.

Operation Searchlight 1971

The Operation Searchlight (26 Mar 1971 – 25 May 1971) was a planned military operation carried out by Pakistan Army in East Pakistan. The operation was launched to control the Bengali independence movement. The Operation also began the 1971 Bangladesh Genocide.

Bangladesh Genocide 1971

The Genocide in Bangladesh (25 Mar 1971 – 16 Dec 1971) began with Operation Searchlight. The Genocide killed between 3 thousand and 3 million people and raped 2 lakh to 4 lakh women. It was carried out by the Pakistani military and the Islamist militia from Jamaat-e-Islami.

Awami League

In 1970, General Elections, the Awami League party (Political party) gained 167 out of 169 seats in the East Pakistan Legislative Assembly. West Pakistan launched military operations fearing that the success of the party would allow Bengalis to draft constitution based on liberalism.

The Awami League was established as Bengali alternative for the Muslim domination in East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh).

India in the war

India set foot in the war after Pakistan launched “Operation Chengiz Khan 1971” striking 11 Indian airfields. The Operation also included artillery strikes on Indian positions in Kashmir. The airfields include Agra, Ambala, Amritsar, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Bhuj, Pathankot, Srinagar, Awantipur, Uttarlai, etc. The war lasted between India and Pakistan for 13 days.

Operational strategic failure but Formal start of Indo-Pakistani War of 1971.

Bangladesh war memorial for Indian Soldiers