Highlights

Burmese 1991 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Aung San Suu Kyi leader of the National League for Democracy party has claimed to have won the Myanmar 2020 elections. Around 38 million (3.8 Crores) voted to select the National League of Democracy Party for a 2nd executive term. National League for Democracy party was required to win at least 2/3rd of the elected seats to win.

Myanmar (Burma) Southeast Asian nation of more than 100 ethnic groups. Myanmar share border with India, China, Laos. Bangladesh and Thailand. Total Population of Myanmar are 5.37 crores (2018) World Bank.

Myanmar Rohingya Crisis

The previous term Aung San Suu was very controversial because of the way she handled the Rohingya Crisis. In 2017, Around 1 million (10 lakh) Rohingya Muslims were displaced in the crisis, which has led to a bad reputation of Aung San Suu. Even a Rohingya genocide case was brought up in the International Court of Justice against Myanmar state.

Now, win of the second term National League for Democracy party will be able to restore the country’s reputation for peace or not it is a big question.

Why is the Democracy party claiming the victory?

  • The Second constitution of Myanmar was enacted in 1974 by the military.
  • According to the Second Constitution, 1/4th seats in the National Legislature (bicameral legislature of Myanmar) reserved for military appointed representatives.
  • The National League for Democracy party needs 2/3rd of the elected seat to claim majority. This majority has been designed by the military almost to be impossible for a Democracy party to win in such a diverse multi-ethnic political system.
  • The Myanmar election commission this time has cancelled voting in certain areas.
  • The northern Rakhine state was one among the regions where voting was cancelled by election commission. Bottomline, 22 seats are to remain vacant till the conflicts eases which is not to happen any time soon.
  • More than 1.5 million (15 lakh) voters were disfranchised by this move.

Is the military becoming weak?

Myanmar Military has supported the National League for Democracy  government in the first term so it will be accepting the results of the elections. The relations between military and Myanmar government have been friendly in the last five years. However, a military coup may be expected if the current civilian led government does not begin economic development as early as possible.

Way Forward

Looking at the problems in the first term of National League for Democracy and chances of military taking control, the newly elected NLD govt will try to put all its focus towards the human security and economic development. This result will also give a chance to the National League for Democracy government to resolve the conflicts peacefully.

Books authored by Aung San Suu KyiShe write her first book 1991, Freedom from Fear and also Published a second book Letters from Burma (1991). Aung San Suu Kyi Party claims to win Myanmar Elections Aung San Suu Kyi Party claims to win Myanmar Elections