The medium-range mobile surface-to-air missile defence system Akash missile. The missile was indigenously developed by DRDO and produced by Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL). Ten of these missiles were recently test fired by the Indian Air Force as a part of the Combined Guided Weapons Firing 2020 exercise in the Suryalanka test firing range Andhra Pradesh. Most of these missiles scored a direct hit at the target. This exercise comes amid the threat posed by the Chinese Air Force along the Line of Actual Control.
About Akash Missile
The Akash Missile was produced by the L&T, BEL, Bharat dynamics Limited, Tata Power strategic engineering division and developed by DRDO. The target range of missile up to 30 kilometer. The Akash Missile has capabilities to neutralize aerial targets such as air to surface missiles, cruise missiles, fighter jets and ballistic missiles.
The first test flight of Akash missile was conducted in year 1990. The missiles are developed with the cost of $200 million. The cost is 8 to 10 times slower than the cost of development of similar systems in other countries.
Unique features of missile
The missile are digitally coded command guidance, all the way powered flight till target in perception, fully automatic operation and multiple target handling capacity.
Batteries of the missile
The batteries is comprised of four launches with 3 missiles each. Every battery in the Akash missile can track up to 64 targets and can attack 12 of them. The Akash missile carries 60 kg of high explosive were heads.
Every battery of the missile consists of a battery level radar called Rajendra.
About Rajendra Radar
It is a passive electronically scanned array radar. It was indigenously developed by DRDO. Electronically scanned array is an antenna that can be electronically steered to different directions. It is a ground surveillance radar and has an operating frequency of 20 gigahertz. It is mainly used to track enemy installation.
Akash missile successfully test-fired Akash missile successfully test-fired