Highlights

European multinational aerospace company Airbus formally launched 3 concepts for the first zero emission commercial aircraft or the Hydrogen Aircraft . The Hydrogen aircrafts would be operational by 2035.

Key Results

  • World’s first Commercial hydrogen powered aircraft will be designed and created by airbus.
  • Airbus has introduced 3 concepts for zero emission under the code name ZEROe. The concepts include:
    1. Turbofan design, which can accommodate 120 to 200 passengers and can fly at a range of two thousand plus nautical miles.
    2. Blended wing body design, which can accommodate up to 200 passengers. In such aircrafts the wings merge with the main body of the hydrogen aircraft.
    3. Turboprop design, which can accommodate up 200 passengers. It can travel at a speed of one thousand plus nautical miles and are perfect for short haul trips.
  • Earlier, Russian aerospace and defence company Tupolev had built a prototype of the aircraft called Tupolev Tu-154 (three-engine medium-range ) which was the first experimental aircraft that operated on liquid nitrogen.

Importance of the hydrogen aircrafts

The shift towards clean aircraft fuels such as hydrogen is significant in the light of increasing air pollution and climate change in which aviation emissions contributes around 5 per cent.

Challenges

Constructing the hydrogen refueling infrastructure will be a biggest challenge in the launch of such aircrafts. However, with the govt supports, model can be successful.

Why Hydrogen has been chosen?

Hydrogen is the lightest element and hence can lift the aircrafts easily. Further,  hydrogen is a clean fuel and it is more expensive than that of the fossil fuels.

Key fact to rememberWorld’s largest hydrogen production Centre in Japan’s Fukushima hydrogen energy research field. Airbus to Launch Hydrogen Commercial Aircraft Airbus to Launch Hydrogen Commercial Aircraft