9 October observed as a World Post Day by the United Nations every year. This is being celebrated to commemorate the establishment of Universal Postal Union in 9 October 1874. In 1969, World Post Day was declared at the Universal Postal Union Congress held in Japan.
The Day is celebrated to create awareness of the role of posts in daily lives of the people. More than 150 countries worldwide celebrate World Post Day.
United Nations Stamps
UN is the only organization which is neither a country nor a territory to issue postal stamps. In 1951, first United Nations Stamps were issued.
Indian Postal System
In 1766, Lord Clive was founded the India Post that runs the postal system in India. India Post works under Ministry of Communication. It is one of the widely distributed networks worldwide. India Post is divided into 23 postal circles headed by Chief Post Master (CPM).
Role of posts in GoI’s Schemes
India Posts delivers life insurance covers under Postal Life Insurance (PLI) and Rural Postal Life Insurance (RPLI). It provides retail services such as sale of forms and bill collection. It also acts as an agent for Government of India in discharging services such as wage disbursement and old age pension payments under schemes such as MGNREGS. Today this has been under taken by the India Post Payment Banks (IPPB).
Universal Postal Union
Since 1876, India is a member of the Universal Postal Union. It is a specialised agency of UN. It coordinates postal policies among member countries. The headquarters of UPU is located in Switzerland’s Bern. It was established under Treaty of Bern and was earlier known as General Postal Union (GPU). French was the sole official language of the union till 1994. English was added after 1994.
9 October World Post Day