Second edition of World Cotton Day was celebrated on 7 October 2020. The initiative was first hosted by Cotton-4, WTO, UN Food and Agriculture Organization (UNFAO), UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTD) and International Trade Centre (ITC).
World Cotton Day event is led by World Trade Organization on the request of C4 countries (Burkina Faso, Benin, the Republic of Chad and the Republic of Mali)
Cotton is discussed on 2 following tracks
- Trade reforms required to address subsidies and high trade barriers for cotton
- WTO, Assistance provided to cotton sector in developing countries
These 2 tracks were developed in response to series of proposals tabled by Cotton-4 or C4 countries.
India launches Kasturi Cotton
On 7 October World Cotton Day, India launched its first brand called “Kasturi Cotton”. The brand will represent brightness, whiteness, softness, luster, purity and uniqueness. India produces 6 million tonnes of cotton single year. This is about 23 per cent of world cotton. Also, 51 per cent of world organic cotton is produced in India. This demonstrates efforts of India towards sustainability.
India had also developed the mobile application called “Cott-Ally”. The application was developed The Cotton Corporation Of India Limited to provide latest news regarding weather conditions, farm practices and crop situation.
Grades of Cotton in India
In India SUVIN is the highest grade of Cotton. SUVIN is produced in Tamil Nadu. It is the finest quality Extra Long Staple cotton that has high fibre strength. Natural colour cotton fibres are produced in the Karnataka. Karnataka produces different colours such as green, brown and cream colours.
GoI’s COTTON TAP Programme
India implemented Cotton Technical Assistance Programme called COTTON TAP-1 between 2011 & 2018 in about 7 African countries. This included the Cotton-4 countries as well. The 7 countries were Benin, the Republic of Chad, the Republic of Mali, Burkina Faso, Malawi (landlocked country), Uganda (landlocked country) and Nigeria. Later in 2019, India extended the progamme including 4 more countries. This was the Phase II of the COTTON TAP-1. The 4 countries included were Tanzania, Togo, Zambia (landlocked country ) and the Republic of Ghana
Cotton Technical Assistance Programme focused on improving competitiveness in cotton based apparel and textiles industry.
Cotton-4 or C4 countries
The C4 countries are Burkina Faso (landlocked country), Benin, the Republic of Chad (landlocked country) and the Republic of Mali (landlocked country).