7 April observed as a World Health Day every year. The day is celebrated by the World Health Organization (WHO) across the world.

Theme for 2021 World Health Day: Building a fairer, healthier World for everyone

The Day

  • The Day is celebrated on 7 April as the WHO held its first World Health Assembly on 7th April 1948.
  • The day is seen as an opportunity to draw worldwide attention to a subject of major importance to global health each year.
  • The first World Health Day was observed in the year 1950.
  • The Day is one of the 11 official global health campaigns of World Health Organization.

Global Health Campaigns of World Health Organization

The 11 Global Health Campaigns of WHO are as follows:

  • World No Tobacco Day
  • World Tuberculosis Day
  • World Chagas Disease Day
  • World Malaria Day
  • World Immunization Day
  • World Patient Safety Day
  • World Blood Donor Day
  • World AIDS Day
  • World Hepatitis Day
  • World Antimicrobial Awareness Week

World Health Assembly

  • It is governed by 194 member countries. It is composed of health ministers from the member states and is the highest health policy setting body in the world.
  • The WHO is governed through the World Health Assembly.
  • The current chairperson of World Health Assembly is Dr Harsh Vardhan (Minister of Health and Family Welfare).
  • The main tasks of World Health Assembly (WHA) are to decide major policy question and approve WHO work programme and budget.

Major Action plans of WHA

  • The worldwide eradication of smallpox was endorsed in the year 1959 and achieved in the year 1980.
  • The Worldwide eradication of polio was endorsed in the year 1988. India has been declared polio free under the action plan.
  • Control of harmful use of alcohol was endorsed in the year 2010.
  • Global Actions for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases was endorsed in the year 2011.