6 November observed as a International Day for Preventing the exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict is marked every year. In 2001, United Nations passed resolution to celebrate the day.
According to the UN Environment Programme (UNEP), a least 40 per cent of internal conflicts are linked to the exploitation of natural resources in the last 6 decades
European Union-UN Partnership on Land and Natural Resource Conflicts
United Nations 6 agencies-
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),
- United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP),
- United Nations Human Settlement Programme (UNHABITAT),
- Department of Political Affairs (DPA),
- United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) and
- Peace Building Support Office (PBSO)
Agencies have partnered with the European Union (EU) to help countries prevent tensions arising due to natural resources. This is a part of peacebuilding programmes of the UN and its conflict prevention measures.
Global Research Programme on Post Conflict Peacebuilding
The UNEP along with the Environmental Law Institute and Universities of Tokyo and McGill have initiated the Global Research Programme (GRP) to adapt good practices on managing natural resources in the post-conflict peacebuilding period.
Climate Change and Conflict
In 2007, the conflict in Darfur region in Sudan was declared the first Climate Change Conflict. The changes in rainfall patterns resulted in water scarcity in the region that in turn contributed to the conflict. According to the UN 1 per cent increase in global temperature leads to 4.5 per cent of civil war. 6 November International Day for Preventing the Exploitation