6 December announced as a death anniversary of Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar (B. R. Ambedkar) is dubbed as Mahaparinirvana Divas. On Mahaparinirvan Diwas every year, millions of people throng to Dr B. R. Ambedkar’s Samadhi in Mumbai, which is called Chaitya bhoomi to pay respect to the father of the Constitution of India. Current year 2020, due to the on-going pandemic, the State government of Maharashtra has urged people to refrain from visiting this site and observe the day staying home.


It is one of the major goals of Buddhism. Mahaparinirvan means ‘’Nirvana after death”. Parinirvan is written as Parinibbana in Pali. Pali language is native to Indian continent. The Buddhist text “Mahaparinibbana Sutta” considers the death of Lord Buddha at the age of 80 as the original Mahaparinirvan.

Why is Death anniversary of Dr B.R. Ambedkar celebrated on Mahaparinirvana Divas?

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar died in a few days after completing his work “The Buddha and his Dhamma”. Also, he converted to Buddhism after studying the religion for years together. Dr. Ambedkar converted to Buddhism on 14th October 1956 in Nagpur along with 5 lakh supporters. These supporters considered Babasaheb Ambedkar as their Buddhist leader. Also, he was considered as a Buddhist guru for his contributions to the eradication of untouchability. Thus, Ambedkar’s death anniversary is marked as Mahaparinirvan Divas.

Babasaheb Ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is known for the father of the Indian constitution and he was the first minister of law and Justice of independent India and is considered as the chief architect of the Indian Constitution. Dr. Ambedkar was an Indian economist, jurist, social reformer and politician and he inspired several dalit Buddhist movements and fought against social discrimination towards untouchables. Dr. Ambedkar on doctor it’s in Economics from University of London and Columbia University (New York).

In 1956, he converted to Buddhism and initiated mass conversions of the lips. In 1990, Dr. Ambedkar was awarded with the India’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna in . 6 December Mahaparinirvan Diwas 6 December Mahaparinirvan Diwas