To implement Bharat net project nationwide, the BSNL (Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited) has provided a contract to a private firm Hughes. The firm is to provide internet services to 5000 remote villages using ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) satellites.
The remote villages to receive the internet connection are located in northeast states Tripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Eastern Ladakh and Manipur. In order to achieve this, the ISRO communication satellite such as GSAT 11 and GSAT 19 are to be used.
Indian Space Research Organisation satellites will be using a proprietary Jupiter system created by Hughes Communications India Limited. It is a very small aperture terminal platform, VSAT platform. It is designed to provide highest possible efficiency and capacity for satellite broadband implementation. System is currently being used in more than 40 satellites globally.
Hughes Communications India Limited will also take up Network operations. It will install solar powered user terminals to deliver high speed internet of 10 MBps to ruler population.
About Satellite Internet
The internet access provided through communication satellites is called satellite internet. In modern days, internet services are provided through geostationary satellites. Also new satellite internet constellations are being developed.
Satellite internet has 3 main components. They are satellite in geostationary Orbit, ground stations and antenna. The ground stations are gateways that relay internet data from and to the satellite. This is done through radio waves. Usually the antenna used is VSAT dish antenna with the transceiver.
About GSAT 11 and GSAT 19
In 2017, ISRO launched GSAT 19 is a communication satellite. The GSAT 11 was one of the heaviest satellite launched by Indian Space Research Organisation. It is also and Indian geostationary communication satellite and launched in 2018.
About Bharat Net Project
In 2011, Government of India launched National Optical Fibre network and In 2015 it was renamed as Bharat net project. The mission aims to provide broadband connectivity to gram panchayat School stop currently the Bharat net project aims to connect all 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayat with Internet and provide 100mbps of connectivity.
5000 remote villages to receive Internet using ISRO satellites 5000 remote villages to receive Internet using ISRO satellites