The union ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment will release the 3rd edition of the Indian Sign Language Dictionary on 17th February 2021. The new edition will comprise of 10000 terms of daily. It will also include the academic, legal, medical technical, administrative and agricultural terms in it.

Backdrop

Prior to this, second edition of the Indian Sign language was released in 2019. It comprised of 6000 terms while its first edition was released in 2018 with 3000 terms.

Significance

The launch of the Indian Sign Language dictionary is a step towards fulfilling needs of hearing and speech impaired in accordance with the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act of 2016. It also complies with the initiative by the UN Children’s Fund called “Accessible Digital Textbooks for All”. The Indian Sign Language will be essential in enhancing the vocabulary and the capabilities to understand concepts of the impaired.

About Indian Sign Language

The Indian Sign Language is a set of hand and facial gestures that is used to communicate. It is commonly used by the hearing and speech impaired. The Indian Sign Language has its own grammar, syntax and regional dialects. It comprises of different gestures for same word or sentiment. The sign language is a recognized official language in many countries including The United States of America.

Impairing in India

WHO report states that, the prevalence of hearing impairment in India is around 6.3 per cent as of 2018. It means around 63 million (6.3 crore) people are suffering from auditory loss. Further, the adult-onset deafness in India accounts for 7.6 per cent while the childhood-onset deafness accounts for 2 per cent.

GoI initiatives to prevent disability

  1. Government of India had started the accessibility of news and educational videos by incorporating sign language or written text subtitles and transcripts.
  2. The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act of 2016 was passed to Include provisions for hearing impaired.
  3. The New Education Policy also contain provisions of universalization of education for all including the disabled with 100 per cent Gross Enrolment ratio from preschool to secondary level by 2030.
  4. National Program for Prevention and Control of Deafness was launched in the year 2006 by Government of India to tackle high incidence of deafness.

3rd Edition of Indian Sign Language dictionary