29 September observed as a World Heart Day globally ever year. It is an initiative by Geneva based the World Heart Federation (WHF). The Day is observed in order to spread awareness about cardiovascular diseases, including heart disease and stroke.

Key Points

  • World Heart Day is aimed at drawing people’s attention to heart ailments and the associated health issues.
  • In 2000, The initiative was launched by Geneva based World Heart Federation.
  • It is as an yearly event and is celebrated on 29th September since then.
  • The Day is also commemorated to promote different preventative steps and changes in lifestyle in order to avoid cardiovascular diseases including the heart attack, stroke, heart failure and any other related condition.

World Health Organization estimates on CVDs

The WHO estimates that over 17.9 million (1.79 Crores) people die of cardiovascular diseases annually. This accounts for over 31 per cent worldwide deaths. One-third of these deaths are premature that is below 70 years of age. About 80 per cent of the cardiovascular diseases turns into heart attacks or strokes. World Health Organization also estimate that 75 per cent cases come from low and middle-income countries.

cardiovascular diseases cases in India

According to the Lancet report of September 2018, cardiovascular diseases contributed to around 28 per cent  of the total deaths In India in 2016 as compared to 15.2 per cent in 1990. According to the report, the cardiovascular diseases are more prevalent In Punjab, Kerala and Tamil Nadu where it accounts for at least 5000 per 100,000 people. The report further states, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh are the only states where  prevalence of cardiovascular diseases is less than 3,000 per 100,000 people. Overall, In India, the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases accounts for around 54.5 million (5.45 Crores).

Preventive Policy

India’s National Health Policy 2017 has been launched with an aim to reduce premature mortality from cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases to 25 per cent by 2025.

World Heart Federation (WHF)

The WHF is a non governmental Switzerland’s Geneva based organisation. 29 September World Heart Day