26 April is observed as a International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day every year. The day was proclaimed by the UN and was first observed in the year 2016.

The Day was first observed on the 30th anniversary of 1986 nuclear disaster. It is being marked to increase awareness about the risks of nuclear energy in general.

About Chernobyl Disaster

On 26th April 1986, the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant today’s in Ukraine faced a fore explosion. The reactor began to emit radioactive materials. Though, the casualties are minimal, the radioactive materials are still present in the atmosphere and are posing challenges to human survival in the region. Due to the accident, several children even today are facing thyroid, cancer in the regions of Ukraine, Russia and Belarus.

Significance

The fire explosion spread huge radioactive cloud over Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. More than 8.4 million people were exposed to radioactive waves. In the year 1991, the Chernobyl Trust Fund was created by the UN. It is now being managed by the OCHA-Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

The Role of United Nations

The UN that was formed for world peace after world war II is keen in addressing nuclear issues after the Hiroshima and Nagasaki incident. The UN launched the International Chernobyl Research and Information Network. The network provides support to the national, international and public programmes that aim at sustainable development of these territories.

26 April International Chernobyl Disaster Remembrance Day