25 November observed as a International Day for Elimination of violence against women Every year. The day is marked by the United Nations. It aims to celebrated to create awareness that women around the world are subjected to domestic violence, rape and other forms of violence.

Theme for 2020 International Day for Elimination of violence against women: “Fund, Respond, Prevent, Collect”

The Day also starts the “16 Days of Activism against Gender-based violence”.

About 16-Days of Activism

16 Days of Activism is a campaign that runs annually from 25 Nov to Dec 10. 10 Dec is celebrated as the Human Rights Day in the world. 16 Days of Activism campaign was first initiated in 1991. More than 6 thousand organizations from 187 countries participate in the organization.

The following are the significant dates in the course of the 16 Days of Activism

  • 25 November: International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against women
  • 29 November: International Women Human Rights Defenders Day
  • 1 December: World AIDS Day
  • 5 December: International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development
  • 10 December: International Human Rights Day

All these International days are marked by the UN.

Why was 25 November chosen?

On 25 Nov 1960, 3 Mirabal sisters were assassinated upon orders from the Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo. In 1981, activists from Caribbean Feminist Encuentros and Latin America marked 25 November as day to raise awareness of violence against women.

Violence against women

The UN defines violence against women as the act of gender-based violence that results in physical, mental or sexual harm. It also includes threats of arbitrary deprivation of liberty. According to the WHO, one in three women (that is 35 per cent of women) are experiencing physical violence.

Violence against Women in India

According to NCRB National Crime Record Bureau, the violence against women prevails in the form of rapes, dowry deaths, domestic violence, etc.

NCRB is National Crime Record Bureau