25 April is celebrated as a Anzac Day every year in Australia and New Zealand. The day is celebrated as a national day of remembrance that commemorates all the New Zealanders and Australians who died in wars, conflicts and peacekeeping operations.
About ANZAC Day
- ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.
- The ANZAC Day was originally planned to honour the members of New Zealand and Australian armies who served in the Gallipoli Campaign.
- Gallipoli was the first military campaign of World War I. It took place in Gallipoli peninsula between 1915 and 1916. It is often considered as the beginning of Australian and New Zealand national consciousness.
- In the year 1915, New Zealand and Australia set out to capture Gallipoli peninsula to open the way to the Black sea for the Allied Navies. The main objective was to capture Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman empire was an ally of Germany during the war.
- The Armies of both countries Australia and New Zealand =landed on April 25, 1915 and met fierce resistance from the Ottoman Empire. The plan to knock the Ottomans became a stalemate.
- The Campaign dragged for 8 months.
- The military objectives of Gallipoli campaign were to capture Constantinople and knock the Ottoman Empire out of war.
Australia & New Zealand Military in Afghanistan
- Both countries will withdraw their forces from Afghanistan following the USA.
- NATO had planned to maintain 13,000 troops in Afghanistan earlier. Recently, the USA announced that it is to withdraw its forces completely from Afghanistan.
- Australia was one of the top non-NATO troop contributors to NATO-led efforts in Afghanistan.
- New Zealand signed partnership agreement with NATO in the year 2012.
- Australia is a signatory of Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation.
25 April ANZAC Day