2 February observed as a World Wetlands Day every year. The World Wetlands Day aims to raise awareness about the crucial role played by wetlands for people and our planet.
Theme for international Wetlands Day 2021 is ‘Wetlands and Water’. The year 2021 marks 50th anniversary of the Convention on Wetlands.
Why it is celebrated annually on the 2nd February?
The World Wetlands Day is celebrated to mark the date of the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands on 2nd February 1971, in the Iranian city of Ramsar on the shores of the Caspian Sea. World Wetlands Day was first celebrated in the year 1997.
What is Wetlands?
They are a habitat for a dense variety of plant and animal species and also rich with the biodiversity which is declining according to the researcher’s estimates. These are the land areas that are saturated or flooded with water either perennially or seasonally.
Types of wetlands
- The Coastal wetlands: mangroves, estuaries, saltwater marshes, lagoons etc.
- The Inland wetlands: marshes, fens, lakes, swamps, rivers, floodplains and ponds.
- The Human-made wetlands: Fish ponds, saltpans, and rice paddies.
2 February World Wetlands Day