19 November observed as a World Toilet Day by the United Nations and several other international organizations every year. The official convener of the World Toilet Day is the UN-Water.
Theme for 2020 World Toilet Day : Sustainable Sanitation and Climate Change
Why celebrate World Toilet Day
According to the UN, more than 4.2 billion (420 crore) live without safely managed sanitation. Also, more than 673 million (67.3 crore) people still practice open defecation. World Health Organization reported, 58 per cent of diarrhoea cases are caused due to unsafe water, poor hygiene practices and poor sanitation. The Day will help reduce these conditions by increasing awareness on sanitation.
SDGs achieved in celebrating World Toilet Day
The World Toilet Day help in achieving United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6, which is, “Clean Water and Sanitation for all”. The UN SDG 6.2 particularly focuses “Ending Open Defecation”.
How are themes selected for World Toilet Day?
Since 2012 countries celebrate World Toilet Day. Since 2016, same theme is being used for both World Water Day and World Toilet Day. The themes are selected based on the World Water Development (WWD) Report. The WWD Report is released by United Nations Water. It examines the ways to manage world water resources.
United Nations Water or UN-Water is an interagency mechanism that coordinates efforts of international organizations working on water and sanitation. World countries jointly established UN-Water in 2003. The organization is important as more than 2.1 billion (200 crore) people lack access to safe drinking water.
World Toilet Day in India
Central Minister of Jal Shakti is to present “Swachhata Puraskar” under the Swachh Bharat Mission on the Day. The Swachhata Puraskar award ceremony is to be held virtually due to pandemic.
India is currently implementing Second Phase of Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin. It focuses on solid and liquid waste management and open defecation free sustainability. World Toilet Day 19 November