17 October observed as a International Day for the Eradication of Poverty every year by the United Nations.
Theme for International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 2020: Acting together to achieve social and environmental justice for all
In 1992, International Day for the Eradication of Poverty was declared as the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty. In 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human rights was signed in France’s Paris. It was signed to honour the victims of poverty, hunger and violence. It was the first signed where people came together to agree that poverty is a violation of human rights. The UN defines poverty as earning less than $1.9 a day.
UN Sustainable Development Goal (UNSDG) aims to end poverty by 2030. Poverty is one among the Millennium Development Goal.
Millennium Development Goal
8 contributors of Millennium Development Goal (MDG) are inequality in education, poverty and hunger, gender inequality, child mortality, poor maternal health, infectious diseases, changing environment and unsustainable development.
Poverty in India
According to the 2011 National Poverty Line, around 21.9 per cent of population are below poverty. The current national poverty line of India is Rs 1,059 per month in rural areas and Rs 1,286 per month in urban areas.
The poverty estimation in India is based on consumption expenditure and not on income levels. Several committees have determined poverty line of the country. They are as follows
- In 1979, Alagh Committee was established. Alagh Committee determined the minimum daily requirement for an adult as 2400 to 2100 calories
- The other committees that estimated poverty in India were Lakdawala Committee in 1993, Rangarajan Committee in 2012, Tendulkar Committee in 2019.
- In 2014, Rangarajan committee that submitted its report estimated poverty line as Rs 1,407 per month in urban areas and Rs 972 per month in rural areas.
17 October International Day for the Eradication of Poverty