14 November observed as a World Diabetes Day every year. The celebrations of the World Diabetes Day is led by IDF (International Diabetes Federation).
Theme for 2020 World Diabetes Day : Nurses make the difference for Diabetes
In 1991, WHO and the International Diabetes Federation launched the World Diabetes Day.
There are a two types of diabetes.
- Type I diabetes is not preventable but can be managed with insulin injections.
- Type II diabetes is preventable and treatable.
Diabetes in India
In the world, China has second largest diabetes patients. 116 million (11.6 crore) diabetic patients only listed in China. Around 77 million (7.7 crore) diabetes patients only in India. .
India contributes to 15 per cent of global diabetes burden and only 1 per cent to global diabetic research according to GoI National Health Mission. Lately Diabetic retinopathy has increased in the country
About Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy is damage the blood vessels in eye due to high blood sugar levels. Eventually, the retina gets damaged. In 2019, GoI’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare released National Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy Survey report. According to the Report, on in 46 diabetic patients in India become visually impaired due to diabetes.
Why on 14th November?
The Day is celebrated on 14 Nov because, it marks the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting. Sir Frederick Banting was a Canadian medical scientist, physician, who discovered Insulin. In 1923, Sir Frederick Banting and John James Rickard Macleod received the Nobel Prize in Medicine.
In 2010, GoI’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancers, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke (NPCDCS). The NPCDCS programme provides cost effective treatment at various levels of healthcare.
Global Diabetes Compact
World Health Organization Global Diabetes Compact was launched in April 2020. The main goal of the initiative is to support the countries in implementing programmes that help prevent diabetes and manage diabetes. Around 6 per cent of world population is suffering from diabetes. This is 4 times the number as compared to that of 1980. The number is expected to increase to 570 million (57 crore) in 2030. 14 November World Diabetes Day