14 April in India is celebrates as a Ambedkar Jayanti or Bhim Jayanti every yeat. The Ambedkar Jayanti is also called Ambedkar Remembrance Day. Since the 2015, April 14 is observed as an official public holiday in India.
- Ambedkar was born on 14th April 1891.
- B. R. Ambedkar struggled for equality throughout his life. Thus, his birthday is also celebrated as “Equality Day”. India has placed a demand to celebrate his birthday as International Equality Day to the United Nations.
- B. R. Ambedkar was also known as Babasaheb Ambedkar.
- In the year 1956, he converted to Buddhism.
- In the year 1932, he signed Poona Pact with Madan Mohan Malaviya. According to the agreement, reserved seats were provided for depressed classes. Because of the pact, the depressed classes received one hundred and forty-eight seats instead of seventy one seats.
- In the year 1936, Ambedkar founded Independent Labour Party.
- After Lahore resolution, in the year 1940, he wrote a book called “Thoughts on Pakistan”. The book analysed the concept of Pakistan.
- In his other book called “Who were the Shudras?”, Ambedkar wrote about the untouchables.
- B. R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of Constituent Assembly.
- In the year 1990, He was bestowed with Bharat Ratna.
- His portrait was unveiled in the Central Hall of Parliament in the year 1990.
- The period between April 14, 1990 and April 14, 1991 was observed as “Year of Social Justice”.
- In the year 2015, the Government of India issued ten rupees and 125 rupees coins to mark his 125th birth anniversary.
- The UN celebrated Ambedkar Jayanti for 3 consecutive years, in the year 2016, 2017 and 2018.
- In the year 2020, Canada decided to celebrate Ambedkar birthday as Dr B R Ambedkar Day of Equality.
- In the year 2021, the Govt of British Columbia decided to celebrate his birthday as Dr B R Ambedkar Equality Day.
14 April Ambedkar Jayanti