Highlights

1 October is observed as a International Day of Older Persons every year worldwide. The day is observed by the UN and several other organizations. The 2020 edition of the day marks its 30th anniversary.  In 2020, the day seeks to promote Decade of Healthy Ageing” (2020-2030).

Key Points

  • International Day of Older Persons highlights the role of health care professionals with respect to health of older persons.
  • The 2020 edition is also being marked as “Year of the Nurse and Midwife”.
  • On the 30th anniversary of the International Day of Older Persons, the UN is going to discuss 5 strategic objectives of Global Strategy and Action Plan on Ageing and Health .

Backdrop

In 1990, The UN designated 1 October as the International Day of Older Persons. For the betterment of older persons, Vienna International Plan of Action on Ageing was adopted in 1982. In 1991, UN Principles for Older Persons was adopted and Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing was also adopted in 2002.

Worldwide data

  • Life expectancy globally have rose from 46 years to 68 years between 1950 & 2010,
  • As of 2019, there were some 703 million (70.3 Crores) people over the age of 65.
  • South-East Asia and Eastern Asia have highest number of older people followed by North America and Europe continent.
  • It is estimated that the number of older people will be doubled reaching  to 1.5 billion (150 crore) in coming 30 years. Among all, Eastern & South Eastern Asia will account for most of the number.

Approach under “Decade of Healthy Ageing”

The UN has set a multi-pronged approach under the  “Decade of Healthy Ageing” amid the COVID-19 . It incudes:

  1. To raise awareness of the special health needs of older persons.
  2. To Increase awareness and appreciation of the role of the health care workforce in maintaining and improving the health of older persons.
  3. To present proposals for reducing the health disparities between older persons in the developed and developing countries.
  4. To Increase understanding of the impact of COVID-19 on older persons and d on health care policy, planning, and attitudes”.