Mont Blanc and Nuclear Programme
Mont Blanc and Nuclear Programme

About a dozen Indian newspapers from 1966 were found by a local restaurant owner near the town of Chamonix in France
The papers have surfaced in the French Alps, under the ice of a melting Mont Blanc glacier.
They are trust to be from an Air India plane that crashed on 24 January, 1966. Mont Blanc and Nuclear Programme

The 2 Indian Plane crashes on Mont Blanc

1 November 1950 – Air India Flight 245 ‘Malabar‘ flying from Bombay to London (via Istanbul-Geneva) had crashed on Mont Blanc, killing all 48 on board.

2 January 1966 – Air India flight 101 `Kanchenjungas was flying from Bombay to London (via Delhi-Beirut-Geneva)when it crashed near the summit of Mont Blanc, killing all 117 on board. The flight black box (electronic recording device) was never recovered.

Homi Jehangir Bhabha

■ Among the 117 dead in the Air India 101 crash, was Homi J. Bhabha, who was then the head of India’s Atomic Energy Commission.
■ Bhabha is generally acknowledged as the father of Indian nuclear power.

1 1964 – China’s first Nuclear Test

2 1964 – Bhabha had publicly claimed that India could develop its own nuclear device in less than 18 months.
3 USA did not want nuclear proliferation in Asia.
4 Did CIA explode a bomb in —air just to stop India becoming a nuclear power? **
5 Bhabha was carrying classified documents containing Indian assessments of Chinese defences and nuclear weapons.

6 The “Top Secret” documents were discovered in 2016 from the melting Bosse glacier near Mont Blanc.
7 French inquiry commission report on the crash in 1967 ruled out any conspiracy.

Global Warming and Glacier Retreat

■ Rising global temperatures are causing mountain glaciers to melt and polar ice sheets to retreat.

■ Glaciers in the French Alps have lost a quarter of their area in the past 40 years, according to a research study in 2011.

■ In the late 1960s/early 1970s, the ice fields slipping down Mont Blanc and the surrounding mountains of the European range covered some 375 sq km.

■ By the late 2000s, this area had fallen to about 275 sq km.
The Mont Blanc area ((Massif du Mont-Blanc) is a group of mountains of Western Alps), which has lost a quarter of its glacial ice due to climate change, has in recent years exposed remains of frozen hikers missing for decades.

Mont Blanc and Nuclear Programme

Melting Glaciers unearthing History

While the debris from the 2 catastrophes remained buried for decades in the high mountains, recent Alpine (Mountain) melting is causing the remains to surface; with many discoveries coming to the fore in the past decade.

• 2012 – A bag of diplomatic mail, stamped ‘On Government of India Service, Diplomatic Mail, Ministry of External Affairs’,

• 2017 – some human remains
• In the Italian Alps, melting ice has even revealed bodies of fallen soldiers from the first world war.
• The most valuable relic from the Mont blanc crash was found in 2013 – a box of precious stones including emeralds, sapphires and rubies that was estimated to be worth Rs 2 crore

Mont Blanc and Nuclear Programme Mont Blanc and Nuclear Programme