Highlights

Protection of Rights on Marriage law (Triple Talaq) complete its first anniversary on 1 August. Muslim women celebrate as Women’s Rights Day nationwide. Triple Talaq (To protect muslim women) Bill was passed in the Lok Sabha on 25 July last year with 79 per cent of MP voting in favour and 21 per cent voting against it . Further, it was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 30 July 2019 with 54 per cent votes in favour and 46 per cent voting against it.

Triple Talaq

Triple Talaq also known as “talaq-e-biddat” (instant divorce and talaqe-mughallazah (irrevocable divorce)) was a special provision bestowed upon Muslim man by the Muslim Personal Law (sharīʿat) Application Act of 1937. The law legalised and allowed the practice of Triple Talaq which gave Muslim husband some special privileges over his wife. This law has provisions which allowed the husband to cancel all marital ties with his wife by simply uttering “talaq” word 3 times.

Triple Talaq Act

The Triple Talaq bill makes any such act of divorce a legal offence and makes it void and illegal. The act further states that any man whosoever practices Triple Talaq mode of divorce shall be punished with an imprisonment of 3 years. The offence is non-bailable and entitles the married woman to take custody of her minor children.

Impact of Triple Talaq

India has seen a decrease of 82 per cent in the triple talaq case since 2019. As per a data from the ministry officials which were collected from various Central Waqf Council, around 3.8 lakh cases of Triple Talaq were reported in India since 1985 until the formation of Act in 2019. After the implementation of the new act post-July 2019, only 1,039 cases of triple talaq were recorded.

1 August as Muslim Women’s Rights Day 1 August as Muslim Women’s Rights Day