WHY IN NEWS
Amid the India China standoff Indian Air Force has proposed to procure 21 M IG-29 and 12 Su 3oMKI fighter jets.
MIG-29s will be procured from Russia through government —to-government procurement deal. Procurement will cost around 5000 crores and delivery will start within few years.
The Air Force is also set to go ahead with an order for 12 additional Su 30 MKI fighter jets, to add to the current order book of 272 fighters. Fighters could be manufactured by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd(HAL) at Nasik facility.
The Mikoyan MiG-29 is a twin-engine jet fighter aircraft designed in the Soviet Union now Russia. Developed by the Mikoyan design bureau is (Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG) as an air superiority fighter.
MiG-29 is a multirole fighters capable of performing a number of different operations, and is fitted with range of air-to-surface armaments and precision munitions.
More than 3o nations either operate or have operated the aircraft to date
MIG-29 AND INDIAN AIR FORCE
India was the first international customer of the Mikoyan MiG-29 Jet fighter. The Indian Air Force placed an order for more than 66 MiG-29s in 1980.
Indian MiG-29s were used extensively during the 1999 Kargil War in Kashmir by the Indian Air Force to provide fighter escort for Mirage 2000s attacking targets with laser-guided bombs.
In 2005-2006 , IAF awarded the MiG Corporation another US$9oo million contract to upgrade all of its 69 operational MiG-29s.
Currently IAF uses M IG-29U PG, the upgraded version of M IG-29. IAF currently operate with three squadrons of M IG-29U PG.
No. 28 Squadron (First Supersonics) is currently based in Jamnagar and flies Mikoyan MiG-29.
No. 47 Squadron (Black Archers) and No. 223 Squadron (Tridents) are fighter squadron equipped with M IG-29U PG based at Adampur AFS.
The Sukhoi Su-3oMKI is a twinjet multirole air superiority fighter developed by Russia’s Sukhoi and built under license by India’s Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
Development of the variant started after Indiz signed a deal with Russia in 2000 to manufacture 140 Su-3o fighter jets.
The first Russian-made Su-3oMKI variant was accepted into the Indian Air Force in 2002.
Su3oMKI AND IAF
IAF uses Su-3oMKI a variant of the Sukhoi Su-3o which is a heavy, all-weather, long-range fighter.
The Su-3oMKI is expected to form the backbone of the Indian Air Force’s fighter fleet to 2020 and beyond. Currently IAF uses 272 Su-3oMKI in 15 fighter squadrons.
LACK OF SQUADRONS
According to IAF’s own studies, IAF needs at least 42 squadrons to maintain India’s air superiority in case of two front war with Pakistan and China.
Currently IAF is operating with 3o squadrons. Squadrons of MIG-21 are aging fast and need immediate replacement.
INDUCTION OF LCA TEJAS
Induction of two squadrons of LCA TEJAS has given some hope that with availability of 86 LCA TEJAS under production will give India some chance to achieve full squadron strength by 2030
Amid the India china standoff and growing danger of Pakistan becoming China’s puppet India needs to accelerate its procurement process for procurement of 110 MMRCA 2.0 fighters.
At the same time government of India should built pressure on France to deliver all 36 RAFALEs ,purchased by government to government deal, on time.
Boost to ‘Make in India’
Apart from the Su-30 MKI fighter jets to be manufactured by HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited), the Bengaluru based Indian state-owned company is likely to get the biggest ever Make in India project for an order of 83 Tejas Light Combat Aircraft Mk 1A this year. The order is estimated to be valued at around Rs 38,000 crore.
IAF to urgently procure 21 MiG 29s and 12 Su 30s from Russia IAF to urgently procure 21 MiG 29s and 12 Su 30s from Russia