1 Obduracy (noun)
Meaning- quality of being resistant to persuasion or softening influences. (ज़िद्दी होना)
Synonyms: stubbornness, intransigence, obstinacy, immovability, pig-headedness
Antonyms: flexibility, submission, pliability, amenability
Example: MPs have accused the government of obduracy and called on ministers to reverse their decision.
2 Germination (noun)
Meaning- the process of something coming into existence and developing. (विकसन)
Synonyms: development, evolution, gestation, incubation
Antonyms: decline, retrogression, regression, deterioration
Example: The rules would stifle the germination of new ideas.
3 Grit (noun)
Meaning- courage and determination despite difficulty. (धैर्य)
Synonyms: courage, fortitude, valour, pluck, mettle
Antonyms: cowardice, spinelessness, cravenness, Faintheartedness
Example: The soldiers showed that they had plenty of grit.
4 Ostensibly (adverb)
Meaning- apparently or purportedly, but perhaps not actually. (प्रकट रूप से)
Synonyms: seemingly, outwardly, supposedly, presumably
Antonyms: truly, actually, genuinely, really
Example: She stayed behind at the office, ostensibly to work.
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5 Abeyance (noun)
Meaning- a state of not happening or being used at present. (दुविधा या लटकाव)
Synonyms: suspension, remission, dormancy, Quiescence
Antonyms: operation, action, continuation
Example: The law was held in abeyance for well over twenty years.
6 Lofty (adjective)
Meaning- having a haughty overbearing manner. (अभिमानी)
Synonyms: haughty, supercilious, snobbish, condescending
Antonyms: humble, modest, unassertive, mim
Example: She showed a lofty disregard for Natalia’s objections.
7 Disparate (adjective)
Meaning- different in every way. (भिन्न)
Synonyms: dissimilar, contrasting, heterogeneous, poles apart
Antonyms: similar, homogenous, corresponding, kindred
Example: Chalk and cheese are disparate substances.
8 Envisage (verb)
Meaning- to imagine or expect something in the future. (कल्पना करना)
Synonyms: foresee, envision, contemplate, visualize
Antonyms: disregard, ignore, turn a blind eye to
Example: Nobody can envisage the consequences of total nuclear war.
9 Unambiguously (adverb)
Meaning- in a way that makes completely clear what is meant. (स्पष्ट रूप से)
Synonyms: clearly, unmistakably, explicitly, unequivocally
Antonyms: vaguely, nebulously, indefinably, imprecisely
Example: She declined the proposal clearly and unambiguously.
10 Thorny (adjective)
Meaning- causing distress, difficulty, or trouble. (कठिन, कष्टमय)
Synonyms: problematic, ticklish, taxing, knotty
Antonyms: easy, uncomplicated, undemanding, effortless
Example: This thorny problem on the environmental protection floored the new mayor.
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Daily Vocabulary 7 July Daily Vocabulary 7 July